Working Fathers in Belarus

Does the law require paternity leave for new fathers? No
Does the law require parental leave for parents? Yes
Does the law provide for paid or unpaid parental leave? A mix of both
Who pays for parental leave? Government
Does the law require that parents with minor children or workers with other family responsibilities be provided with flexible time or part time work options? Yes

More about paternity leave:

Belarus legislation does not provide for special paternity leave. Nevertheless, employee has right to make a written request to get unpaid leave during a calendar year not more than 30 calendar days for family reasons.

Sources: §49 and 190 of the Labour Code

More about parental leave:

The parental leave is available for workers with children up to the age of three years (1095 days). The parental leave is available for parents, guardians, stepparents, adoptive parents or other relatives who actually take care of a child. The parental leave is provided at the request of the employee. During this leave, parents are eligible for allowances and compensation. The parental leave is a family entitlement, thus either parent may take all the leave or they may divide the leave in parts.

The parental leave is interrupted in the event of the maternity leave and continues after its completion. If there are two or more children (under three years of age) in a family, parental leave is granted to one person.

During the period of the parental leave parent may work on the main (in another profession, position) or another job part-time (less than half of the monthly norm of working time).

In accordance with the Law of the Republic of Belarus «About state benefits to families with children», parents, adoptive parents or guardians of a child under the age of 6 months have right to get the childbirth benefit. The rates of the childbirth benefit are:

According to the clarification of the Ministry of labour and social protection of the Republic of Belarus, since 01.11.2016 until 31.01.2017 for counting the childbirth benefit the amount of maximum value of the living wage is 175.50 BYR. Following renewals of rates of the living wage will be available at the site of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection: http://mintrud.gov.by/.

In addition, child allowance is paid until the child attains the age of 3 years. The rates are as follows:

○         for the first child - 35% of the average monthly wage;

○         for the second and subsequent children - 40% of the average monthly wage;

○         for a disabled child - 45% of the average monthly wage.

The child allowance is calculated:

■         from January 1 to January 31 - the average wage for the III quarter of the previous year;

■         from February 1 to April 30 - the average wage for the IV quarter of the previous year;

■         from May 1 to July 31 - the average wage for the I quarter of the current year;

■         from August 1 to October 31 - the average wage for the II quarter of the current year;

■         from 1 November to 31 January - the average wage for the III quarter of the current year.

In accordance with data of the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Belarus the average wage for the III quarter 2016 is 732.9 BYR.

Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus 26.04.2010 № 200 and Regulations «About the procedure for appointment and payment of government benefits to families with children» contain more information about procedure for getting allowances.

In accordance with the Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus 09.12.2014 № 572, mother (stepmother), single parent or adoptive parent has right to get one-time non-cash payment in the amount of US $10,000 (family capital). Necessary conditions for it are birth or adoption of the third or subsequent children at the period from 01.01.2015 until 31.12.2019, if taking into account the last child in the family brings up at least three children under the age of 18 years. Family may realize the right to the appointment of family capital once in full or in parts for improvement of living conditions, education, social services, health care, funded (extra) pension mother (stepmother, single parent). The right to dispose of family capital is provided in 18 years from the date of birth (adoption) of the child (except medical care, which is available earlier).

Working father (guardian) or other relative, who actually takes care for a sick child under 14 years, a child under 3 years and a disabled child under 18 of age, in the case of the mother's illness has right to get temporary disability benefits.

Working single fathers and guardians are entitled to the guarantees provided by the legislation and collective agreements for working mothers.

Sources: §49, 183, 185, 266 and 271 of the Labour Code; §11-13 Law of the Republic of Belarus «About state benefits to families with children»29.12.2012 №7-З; Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus 26.04.2010 № 200; Regulations «About the procedure for appointment and payment of government benefits to families with children», established by Resolution of the Council of Ministers 28.06.2013 №569; Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus 09.12.2014 №572; Regulations «About the procedure and conditions of appointment, financing (transfer), the management of funds of family capital», established by Resolution of the Council of Ministers 24.02.2015 №128