Working Mothers in Egypt

Does the Law have provisions on maternity leave? Yes
What is the duration of maternity leave? 13.0 weeks
What percentage of the monthly salary does a worker get during maternity leave? 100  %
Who pays for maternity leave? Employer
Does the law require that workers be protected from dismissals during the term of pregnancy and maternity leave? Yes
Does the law provide for the right to return to same position after availing maternity leave? No
Does the law require that pregnant and nursing workers must not be engaged in harmful work? Yes
Does the law require that pregnant workers be provided free ante and post natal medical care? Yes
Does the law provide for breastfeeding breaks for nursing mothers? Yes
What is the duration of breastfeeding breaks, as provided by the law? One hour
What is the length of breastfeeding breaks? Breastfeeding breaks are provided for the first 24 month(s) of life of the child
Does the law require parental leave for parents? Yes
Does the law provide for paid or unpaid parental leave? Unpaid
What is the total duration of parental leave? 730
What is the wage replacement rate for parental leave? No provision
Does the law require that parents with minor children or workers with other family responsibilities be provided with flexible time or part time work options? No

To comply with international standards, maternity leave duration should be at least 14 weeks and during maternity leave workers should be paid at least 67% of their wage.

More about maternity leave:

The Egyptian constitution ensures care and protection of motherhood. Maternity leave is provided and regulated under the labour law.

Female employees are entitled to at least 90 days of fully paid maternity leave after at least 10 months of service. Of these 90 days, 45-days leave has to be taken after confinement. Pregnant worker must provide the medical certificate indicating the expected date of delivery. Female workers are entitled to maternity leave twice during the tenure of her service.

Source: §11 of the Constitution of the Egyptian Arab Republic 2014; §91 of the Labour Law 2003

Maternity leave is a fully paid leave and workers are entitled to a comprehensive wage during the period of leave. However, such paid leave is available only twice during the entire term of service of a female worker. The employer may deprive a female worker from her wage during the maternity leave period or recover the amount paid by him, if she has worked during the leave period with another employer.

Source: §91 & 92 of the Labour Law 2003

More about parental leave:

No provisions could be located in the law allowing parental leave for new mothers after exhaustion of maternity leave. However, a female worker in the enterprise, where fifty or more workers are employed, has the right to obtain leave without pay for a period of two years (730 days) to take care of her child. A female worker is entitled to such leave twice during her entire period.

Source: §94 of the Labour Law 2003