Working Mothers in Turkey

Does the Law have provisions on maternity leave? Yes
What is the duration of maternity leave? 16.0 weeks
What percentage of the monthly salary does a worker get during maternity leave? 67  %
Who pays for maternity leave? Government
Does the law require that workers be protected from dismissals during the term of pregnancy and maternity leave? Yes
Does the law provide for the right to return to same position after availing maternity leave? Yes
Does the law require that pregnant and nursing workers must not be engaged in harmful work? Yes
Does the law require that pregnant workers be provided free ante and post natal medical care? Yes
Does the law provide for breastfeeding breaks for nursing mothers? Yes
What is the duration of breastfeeding breaks, as provided by the law? More than one hour
What is the length of breastfeeding breaks? Breastfeeding breaks are provided for the first 12 month(s) of life of the child
Does the law require parental leave for parents? Yes
Does the law provide for paid or unpaid parental leave? Unpaid
What is the total duration of parental leave? 180
What is the wage replacement rate for parental leave? No provision
Does the law require that parents with minor children or workers with other family responsibilities be provided with flexible time or part time work options? Yes

To comply with international standards, maternity leave duration should be at least 14 weeks and during maternity leave workers should be paid at least 67% of their wage.

More about maternity leave:

Female employees are entitled to 112 calendar days (16 weeks) of paid maternity leave. Of these 16 weeks of leave, eight weeks have to be taken before the birth while the other eight weeks have to be taken after the birth of the child. In case of a multiple pregnancy, an extra two week period is added to the eight weeks before confinement in which a women worker may not work. However, if a women worker's health permits her to work, as indicated by a physician's certificate, she may work at the establishment until three weeks before delivery. She can then avail 13 weeks leave after confinement. The above-mentioned 16 weeks/18 weeks may be increased before and after confinement in view of the female employee's health and nature of work. However, a physician must recommend in all such increases. The physician may also recommend that the pregnant employee may be assigned to lighter duties. However, it will not lead to a reduction in her wages. Female workers shall also be allowed leave for periodic examinations during pregnancy.

(Art. 74 of Labour Law 2003)

During the term of maternity leave of 112 days/126 days (16 weeks/18 weeks in the case of multiple pregnancies), workers are paid 66.6% of their daily earnings. This is paid by the Social Security Institution. The worker must have been covered by the Social Security Institution for at least 90 days before the estimated date of delivery.The other relevant cash benefits related to maternity include the Pregnancy Benefit (subject to certification of pregnancy before the date of child birth), the Child Birth Benefit (depending on the type of child birth) and Nursing Grant (on live birth).

(Art. 48 of Labour Law, Art. 16-18 of Social Insurance and Universal Health Insurance Law 2006)

More about parental leave:

Parental leave is provided under the Labour Law 2003. On the request of a female employee, an unpaid leave for 6 month maybe granted after the expiration of the maternity leave. However, this period shall not be considered in determining the employee's year of service for entitlement to a paid annual leave.

Employed parents whose child has at least 70% disability or chronic disease based on a medical report, are allowed to take up to 10 days' paid leave in a year for attending the treatment of the child on condition that leave may be taken only by one of the parents and without interruption.

(Art. 74 of Labour Law 2003; Additional Article 2 of the Labour Law 4857 (inserted through Law No. 6645)