Working Mothers in Bangladesh

Does the Law have provisions on maternity leave? Yes
What is the duration of maternity leave? 16.0 weeks
What percentage of the monthly salary does a worker get during maternity leave? 100  %
Who pays for maternity leave? Employer
Does the law require that workers be protected from dismissals during the term of pregnancy and maternity leave? Yes
Does the law provide for the right to return to same position after availing maternity leave? No
Does the law require that pregnant and nursing workers must not be engaged in harmful work? Yes
Does the law require that pregnant workers be provided free ante and post natal medical care? No
Does the law provide for breastfeeding breaks for nursing mothers? No
Does the law require parental leave for parents? No
Does the law require that parents with minor children or workers with other family responsibilities be provided with flexible time or part time work options? No

To comply with international standards, maternity leave duration should be at least 14 weeks and during maternity leave workers should be paid at least 67% of their wage.


More about maternity leave:

Women workers are entitled to 16 weeks of maternity leave (eight weeks pre-natal and eight weeks post-natal paid leave allowed). A pregnant woman must give oral or written notice of her expected confinement within the 8 weeks preceding the expected date of birth, or give notice of the fact that she has given birth within 7 days of the actual date of birth. Employers are prohibited from knowingly employing a woman in an establishment, and women are also prohibited from working in any establishment, during the eight weeks immediately following the day of her delivery. No entitlement to leave is identified in the case of illness or complications arising during the pregnancy. Similarly, there is no extension in maternity leave in the case of multiple births.  

(§§ 45 & 47 of Labour Act 2006, amended in 2013) 

The Labour Act 2006 entitles women workers to 16 weeks’ maternity leave pay at their average daily, weekly or monthly wage received by the workers during the preceding three months. A worker must have worked under the employer for a period of at least six months immediately preceding the day of her delivery. The employer is not obliged to pay the maternity benefit until the worker has produced a certificate signed by a registered medical practitioner as to her expected confinement and/or another form of proof that she has given birth to a child. The proof required can be either a birth certificate, medical certificate or other proof as may be accepted by the employer. Further, the maternity benefit is not payable to any woman if, at the time of her confinement, she has two or more surviving children (although she will still be entitled to the relevant period of unpaid leave). The maternity benefit is payable in respect of the period of leave taken by the worker during the 8 weeks preceding the expected day of delivery and 8 weeks immediately following the day of delivery. The maternity benefit is employer funded and applies to every woman employed in an establishment. If a woman entitled to maternity benefit dies at the time of her delivery or during the next period of 8 months, the employer is required to pay the amount of maternity benefit due, if the newly born child survives, to the person who undertakes the care of the child, and if the child does not survive, to the person nominated by her, or if she has made no such nomination, to her legal representative(s). However if a woman worker dies before giving birth to a child, employer is required to pay only for the period up to and including the day of her death although employer cannot recover the (excess) amount already paid to the worker as maternity benefit. 

(§§ 46(1-2), 47(4-5) & 49 of Labour Act 2006, amended in 2013)   

More about parental leave:

No provision for parental leave benefits identified in Labour Act 2006.