Working Mothers in Latvia

Does the Law have provisions on maternity leave? Yes
What is the duration of maternity leave? 16.0 weeks
What percentage of the monthly salary does a worker get during maternity leave? 100  %
Who pays for maternity leave? Government
Does the law require that workers be protected from dismissals during the term of pregnancy and maternity leave? Yes
Does the law provide for the right to return to same position after availing maternity leave? Yes
Does the law require that pregnant and nursing workers must not be engaged in harmful work? Yes
Does the law require that pregnant workers be provided free ante and post natal medical care? Yes
Does the law provide for breastfeeding breaks for nursing mothers? Yes
What is the duration of breastfeeding breaks, as provided by the law? One hour
What is the length of breastfeeding breaks? Breastfeeding breaks are provided for the first 18 month(s) of life of the child
Does the law require parental leave for parents? Yes
Does the law provide for paid or unpaid parental leave? Paid
What is the total duration of parental leave? 547 days
What is the wage replacement rate for parental leave? 70 % of normal wage
Who pays for parental leave? Government
Does the law require that parents with minor children or workers with other family responsibilities be provided with flexible time or part time work options? Yes

To comply with international standards, maternity leave duration should be at least 14 weeks and during maternity leave workers should be paid at least 67% of their wage.


More about maternity leave:

Women workers are entitled to maternity leave of 112 days (56-day parental and postnatal leave). The compulsory leave is two weeks prior to the expected date of birth and two weeks after childbirth, as certified by a doctor's opinion. If a woman has initiated pregnancy  related medical care at a preventive medical institution by the 12th week of pregnancy and has  continued for the whole period of pregnancy, she is granted a supplementary leave of two weeks (14  days) adding it to prenatal leave (70 calendar days in total).

In case of multiple birth or complications in pregnancy, childbirth or postnatal period, a woman is granted a postnatal leave of two weeks (14 days) and thus making postnatal leave 70 calendar days in total.

sources: §37(7) & 154 of Labour Law 2001, last amended in 2014

Maternity benefit is paid for the entire duration of maternity leave (112 or 126 or 140 days). Maternity benefit is granted to a woman who is covered by the Maternity and Sickness Benefit Act with the condition that woman is not working and hence losing the work remuneration. Self-employed women who lose income are also covered.

Maternity benefit is granted to the father or to another person who is actually taking care of the child at home, for the entire period of childcare, which however cannot be longer than 70 days after the birth of child only under the following conditions: If the mother of the child has died during delivery or until the forty-second day of postnatal period and if the mother has refused from taking care and raising of a child.

If the mother is not able to take care of the child until the 42nd day after childbirth due to her illness, injury or other reasons related to her health condition, the father of the child or other person that is actually taking care for the child at home is granted maternity benefit for those days when the mother herself is unable to take care of the child.

During the term of maternity leave, workers (including self-employed women) are paid 80% of the average insurance contribution wage. Until 31 December 2014, if the maternity allowance amounts to €32.75 per calendar day (after calculation), worker is granted this amount. However, if it exceeds €32.75 per calendar day, maternity allowance is €32.75 plus 50% of the amount of benefits exceeding that.

sources: §154 of Labour Law 2001, last amended in 2014; §5-10 of the Law on Payment of State Allowances during the Period from 2009 till 2014; §14 of the Law on Maternity and Sickness Insurance 1997

More about parental leave:

Every employee has the right to parental leave in connection with the birth or adoption of a child. Worker is required to notify the employer in writing one month in advance of the beginning and the length of the parental leave or parts thereof. The parental leave is granted for a period not exceeding one and a half years (18 months) up to the day the child reaches the age of eight years (in a single period or in parts).

Worker's employment is secure during the term of parental leave and worker returns to his/her job after availing parental leave. If return to actual position/work is not possible, employer has to ensure that worker gets similar or equivalent work with not less favourable conditions and employment provisions.

The benefit is 60% of the beneficiary's average insurance contribution wage until the child is 1 year of age. The benefit is 43.75% of the beneficiary's average insurance contribution wage until the child is 1.5 years old. The benefit is 30% of the insurance contribution wage for persons who are not on parental leave and self-employed until the child is 1.5 years old.

Until 31 December 2014, minimum amount of parental benefit is €32.75 per calendar day (after calculation), worker is granted this amount. However, if it exceeds €32.75 per calendar day, paternity allowance is €32.75 plus 50% of the amount of benefits exceeding that.

sources: §156 of Labour Law 2001, last amended in 2014; §5(3) of the Law on Payment of State Allowances during the Period from 2009 till 2014; §10(6) of the Law on Maternity and Sickness Insurance 1997