Working Mothers in Hungary

Does the Law have provisions on maternity leave? Yes
What is the duration of maternity leave? 24.0 weeks
What percentage of the monthly salary does a worker get during maternity leave? 70  %
Who pays for maternity leave? Government
Does the law require that workers be protected from dismissals during the term of pregnancy and maternity leave? Yes
Does the law provide for the right to return to same position after availing maternity leave? Yes
Does the law require that pregnant and nursing workers must not be engaged in harmful work? Yes
Does the law require that pregnant workers be provided free ante and post natal medical care? Yes
Does the law provide for breastfeeding breaks for nursing mothers? Yes
What is the duration of breastfeeding breaks, as provided by the law? More than one hour
What is the length of breastfeeding breaks? Breastfeeding breaks are provided for the first 9 month(s) of life of the child
Does the law require parental leave for parents? Yes
Does the law provide for paid or unpaid parental leave? Unpaid
What is the total duration of parental leave? 1095
What is the wage replacement rate for parental leave? No provision
Does the law require that parents with minor children or workers with other family responsibilities be provided with flexible time or part time work options? Yes

To comply with international standards, maternity leave duration should be at least 14 weeks and during maternity leave workers should be paid at least 67% of their wage.


More about maternity leave:

Female employees are entitled to 168 calendar days (24 weeks) of paid maternity leave. Of these 24 weeks leave, four weeks have to be taken before the expected date of birth while the other 20 weeks have to be taken after the birth of the child. If the child receives treatment in an institute for premature infants, the unused portion of the maternity leave is used after the child has been released from the institute until the child is one year old. There is no provision in the law on extension of maternity leave due to health related issues or multiple births.


(Section 127 of Labour Code 2012)

During the term of maternity leave of 168 days (24 weeks), workers are paid 70% of their daily earnings. The maternity allowance is paid to the employees, self employed persons and other assimilated groups. The qualifying condition is that the worker must have at least 180 days of insurance during the last two years before delivery and the birth takes place during the insurance period or within 42 calendar days of its expiry. Maternity benefits are paid by the Government through compulsory health insurance act provisions.


(Section 18, 40, 42 & 48.1-3 of Compulsory Health Insurance Act No. 83 of 1997)

More about parental leave:

Parental Leave is provided under the Labour Code 2012. An employee (male or female) is entitled to a leave of absence without pay in order to care for the child until the child reaches the age of three or in order to care for the child until the child reaches the age of ten, if the employee receives a child care allowance.

(Section 128 & 130 of Labour Code 2012)