Working Mothers in Ethiopia

Does the Law have provisions on maternity leave? Yes
What is the duration of maternity leave? 13.0 weeks
What percentage of the monthly salary does a worker get during maternity leave? 100  %
Who pays for maternity leave? Employer
Does the law require that workers be protected from dismissals during the term of pregnancy and maternity leave? Yes
Does the law provide for the right to return to same position after availing maternity leave? No
Does the law require that pregnant and nursing workers must not be engaged in harmful work? Yes
Does the law require that pregnant workers be provided free ante and post natal medical care? No
Does the law provide for breastfeeding breaks for nursing mothers? No
Does the law require parental leave for parents? No
Does the law require that parents with minor children or workers with other family responsibilities be provided with flexible time or part time work options? No

To comply with international standards, maternity leave duration should be at least 14 weeks and during maternity leave workers should be paid at least 67% of their wage.


More about maternity leave:

In accordance with the Constitution of Ethiopia and Labour Proclamation, female workers are entitled to fully paid maternity leave of 90 days (30 days antenatal and 60 days postnatal) on recommendation of medical doctor. If a pregnant woman does not deliver within 30 days of antenatal leave, she is entitled to additional leave until her confinement. If a pregnant woman delivers before the 30 days period has elapsed, postnatal leave commences after delivery.

Other than maternity leave, workers are also entitled to paid leave for medical examinations related to pregnancy and paid leave during pregnancy on recommendation of a medical doctor.

Source: §35(5) of the Constitution of Ethiopia 1994; § 88 of the Labour Proclamation No. 377/2003 (amended by Proc. No. 466/2005 & Proc. No. 494/2006)

Maternity leave is fully paid leave. The Labour Proclamation requires that a pregnant worker be granted fully paid leave during the first 30 days of her leave, i.e., before confinement and it is silent about the payment for the 60 days post confinement. However, Constitution of Ethiopia provides that women workers have the right to maternity leave with full pay.

Source: §35(5) of the Constitution of Ethiopia 1994; §88 of the Labour Proclamation No. 377/2003 (amended by Proc. No. 466/2005 & Proc. No. 494/2006)

More about parental leave:

No provisions could be located in the law supporting parental leave for new parents after exhaustion of maternity leave.