Working Mothers in Czech Republic

Does the Law have provisions on maternity leave? Yes
What is the duration of maternity leave? 28.0 weeks
What percentage of the monthly salary does a worker get during maternity leave? 70  %
Who pays for maternity leave? Employer
Does the law require that workers be protected from dismissals during the term of pregnancy and maternity leave? Yes
Does the law provide for the right to return to same position after availing maternity leave? Yes
Does the law require that pregnant and nursing workers must not be engaged in harmful work? Yes
Does the law require that pregnant workers be provided free ante and post natal medical care? Yes
Does the law provide for breastfeeding breaks for nursing mothers? Yes
What is the duration of breastfeeding breaks, as provided by the law? One hour
What is the length of breastfeeding breaks? Breastfeeding breaks are provided for the first 12 month(s) of life of the child
Does the law require parental leave for parents? Yes
Does the law provide for paid or unpaid parental leave? Paid
What is the wage replacement rate for parental leave? 70 % of normal wage
Who pays for parental leave? Government
Does the law require that parents with minor children or workers with other family responsibilities be provided with flexible time or part time work options? Yes

To comply with international standards, maternity leave duration should be at least 14 weeks and during maternity leave workers should be paid at least 67% of their wage.


More about maternity leave:

Female employees are entitled to 196 days (28 weeks) of paid maternity leave. Of these 28 weeks leave,  a female employee may start her maternity leave eight weeks before the expected date of birth and then take the remaining 20 weeks after child birth. It is obligatory to take 14 weeks leave including at  least six weeks before birth. The leave before birth can't be greater than eight weeks. In the case of multiple births, maternity leave is 37 weeks.

Source: §195 of Labour Code No. 262/2006

During the term of maternity leave of 196 days/259 days (28 weeks/37 weeks in the case of multiple pregnancies), workers are paid 70% of their daily earnings (up to a maximum payment of CZK31,740 per month). It is paid by the Social Security  Administration. The worker must have been covered by the Social Security Administration and contributed to the sickness insurance scheme for at least 270 calendar days over the last two years before the date of starting leave to have the right to cash benefit.

Source: §32-38 & 84 of Act No. 187/2006 Coll. on Sickness Insurance

More about parental leave:

Parental Leave is granted to male and female employees if they apply for it. It is granted at any time from the end of maternity leave (for mothers) or the date of birth of child ( for fathers) until the child reaches the age of three years. A male employee can take the parental leave at the same time when a female employee takes maternity leave. Male and female employee can take parental leave at the same time. Parental Leave is individual entitlement however parental benefit is paid only to one of the parents. While on parental leave, an employee (male/female) is entitled to any wage compensation from the employer however parental allowance is paid under the State Social Support Act No. 117/1995 Coll.. The parental allowance is paid till a child reaches the age of 4 years. The maximum amount that can be drawn under the parental allowance until the child reaches the age of 4 years is CZK 220,000. The maximum amount of parental allowance is 70% of the previous monthly earnings with a ceiling of CZK 11,500 per month if a parent uses 24-month option. If a parent opts for the benefit until a child is three years old, the benefit has a ceiling of CZK7,000 per month. The benefit is paid from general taxation.

Source: §196 of Labour Code No. 262/2006; §1-2 of State Social Support Act No. 117/1995 Coll;  http://www.mpsv.cz/en/1603