Working Mothers in Bulgaria

Does the Law have provisions on maternity leave? Yes
What is the duration of maternity leave? 58.0 weeks
What percentage of the monthly salary does a worker get during maternity leave? 90  %
Who pays for maternity leave? Government
Does the law require that workers be protected from dismissals during the term of pregnancy and maternity leave? Yes
Does the law provide for the right to return to same position after availing maternity leave? Yes
Does the law require that pregnant and nursing workers must not be engaged in harmful work? Yes
Does the law require that pregnant workers be provided free ante and post natal medical care? Yes
Does the law provide for breastfeeding breaks for nursing mothers? Yes
What is the duration of breastfeeding breaks, as provided by the law? More than one hour
What is the length of breastfeeding breaks? Breastfeeding breaks are provided for the first 8 month(s) of life of the child
Does the law require parental leave for parents? Yes
Does the law provide for paid or unpaid parental leave? Paid
What is the total duration of parental leave? 183 days
What is the wage replacement rate for parental leave? 90 % of normal wage
Who pays for parental leave? Government
Does the law require that parents with minor children or workers with other family responsibilities be provided with flexible time or part time work options? Yes

To comply with international standards, maternity leave duration should be at least 14 weeks and during maternity leave workers should be paid at least 67% of their wage.


More about maternity leave:

Female workers are entitled to pregnancy and child birth leave of 410 days, 45 days of which have to be used compulsorily before confinement (45 days pre-natal and 365 days post natal leave). If confinement occurs before expiry of 45 days pre-natal leave due to miscalculation of the date of confinement, the balance of pre-natal leave is used after confinement.

If a child is still born, dies or is placed in a fully public-financed child care institution or is surrendered for adoption, mother is entitled to leave until expiry of 42 days after confinement. If a mother's working capacity is not regained after 42nd day, said leave is extended at the prescription of health authorities. Similar provisions apply if a child dies after 42nd day of confinement. Maternity leave is terminated from the next day.

sources: §163 of Labour Code 1986, amended in July 2015

During the term of maternity leave, female workers are entitled to a cash benefit under terms and amounts specified under Social Security Code. A worker must have twelve months of insured employment to qualify for cash benefits. Workers are entitled to 410 days of cash benefits of which 45 days are before child birth. The cash benefit is 90% of the average daily wage or of the insured income. The benefits are paid through the State Public Insurance. In the event of termination of the social insurance for all social insurance events (disease or pregnancy) during a period of entitlement to birth and pregnancy benefit, the insured woman is paid a cash benefit until the expiration of the benefit period for pregnancy and birth-giving. In other cases, cash benefit is paid for the duration of maternity leave.

sources: §163 & 164 of Labour Code 1986, amended in July 2015; §1, 41, 48, 50-52 of Social Security Code of 2003, last amended in 2014

More about parental leave:

Under the earlier law, After use of the pregnancy leave, child birth or adoption leave, a female worker was entitled to additional child care leave until the child reached two years of age for the first three children (from fourth child onwards, entitlement was 6 months for each additional child) if the child is not placed in a child care establishment. With the amendments in Labour Code in 2015, this limit on the number of children has been removed. Now a worker is entitled to additional child care leave until a child reaches the age of two years if he/she is not placed in a child care establishment.

During the term of parental leave, no wages are paid. However, if parental leave is considered part of maternity leave (of 410 days), workers are paid 90% of their wages for at least 183 days of parental leave (after a child is six months of age). The wages are paid through State Public Insurance.

sources: §163 & 164 of Labour Code 1986, amended in July 2015; §1, 41, 48, 50(7) of Social Security Code of 2003, last amended in 2014