Mères qui Travaillent - Slovakia

Does the Law have provisions on maternity leave? Yes
What is the duration of maternity leave? 34.0 weeks
What percentage of the monthly salary does a worker get during maternity leave? 65  %
Who pays for maternity leave? Government
Does the law require that workers be protected from dismissals during the term of pregnancy and maternity leave? Yes
Does the law provide for the right to return to same position after availing maternity leave? Yes
Does the law require that pregnant and nursing workers must not be engaged in harmful work? Yes
Does the law require that pregnant workers be provided free ante and post natal medical care? Yes
Does the law provide for breastfeeding breaks for nursing mothers? Yes
What is the duration of breastfeeding breaks, as provided by the law? One hour
What is the length of breastfeeding breaks? Breastfeeding breaks are provided for the first 12 month(s) of life of the child
Does the law require parental leave for parents? Yes
Does the law provide for paid or unpaid parental leave? A mix of both
What is the total duration of parental leave? 1095 days
What is the wage replacement rate for parental leave? Flat rate
Who pays for parental leave? Government
Does the law require that parents with minor children or workers with other family responsibilities be provided with flexible time or part time work options? No

To comply with international standards, maternity leave duration should be at least 14 weeks and during maternity leave workers should be paid at least 67% of their wage.


More about maternity leave:

Female employees are entitled to a paid maternity leave in the event of child birth. Maternity leave in connection with the birth of a child cannot be longer than 14 weeks and in no case be terminated or interrupted prior to the end of six week from the day of child birth. In the case of still birth, a woman worker is entitled to a maternity leave of 14 weeks. Maternity leave can be started 06-08 weeks prior to the expected date of child birth. The general duration of maternity leave is 34 weeks. A single mother is entitled to a maternity leave for the duration of 37 weeks and a woman worker giving multiple births (two or more children) is entitled to maternity leave for the duration of 43 weeks.

If a woman worker has drawn less than six weeks of maternity leave prior to giving birth due to the earlier than expected birth, she is entitled to her remaining pre-birth leave by taking it after confinement. On the other hand, if a woman worker has drawn less than six weeks of maternity leave before confinement for some other reason, she is entitled to only the post confinement part which is 28 weeks in general cases; 31 weeks for single mothers; and 37 weeks for women workers with multiple births.

If maternity leave is interrupted as child is taken into the care of a nursing institution or other treatment establishment and woman worker appear for work, she is entitled to remainder of her leave when she takes the child back from the institution into her own care and stops working. The maternity leave can be used until a child reaches three years of age. Similar provisions apply for parental leave for fathers. If the father and mother do not care for the newborn and the child is admitted into a foster home or similar institution for reasons other than health, they are not entitled to maternity leave or parental leave for the period during which they do not care for the child.

Source: §166-169 of the Labour Code No. 311/2001, amended in 2015

All insured women who are pregnant or caring for a newborn as well other persons who are awarded custody of a child (like father) are entitled to a maternity benefit if they had sickness insurance for at least 270 days during the last two years before delivery or arrival of child. In general, the maternity benefit is paid for a period of 34 weeks (six to eight weeks before confinement and remaining weeks after confinement).

In the case of single mother, multiple births and still birth, the maternity benefit is paid for the period of 37 weeks, 43 weeks and 14 weeks respectively. Those who are awarded custody of a child are entitled to maternity benefit for a period of 28 weeks, 31 weeks or 37 weeks after the commencement of entitlement however before the child reaches three years of age.

The maternity benefit, paid out of sickness insurance, is paid for seven days a week and is 65% of the daily assessment base. The maternity benefits are paid through social insurance by the Government.

Source: §48-53 of the Social Insurance Law No. 461/2003; 

More about parental leave:

Employer is required to provide workers (a man or a woman), upon their request, the parental leave until the day child turns three years old. If the child is seriously disabled requiring care, parental leave is provided until the child turns 06 years old. The minimum duration of parental leave has to be one month. Employer is required to provide the worker this leave for the length as requested by the parent. A parental allowance €203.20 per month is available to all eligible families whether they take parental leave or not however only one parent is entitled to parental allowance. The allowance is funded from general taxation. Parental allowance is increases by 25% per child in the case of multiple births and it is reduced by 50% if older children do not regularly attend compulsory school. An employer and employee may agree to provide parental leave until a child turns 05 (08 years in case of disabled child) however the total duration of parental leave cannot exceed 03 years (06 years in the case of disabled child).

Source: §166.2-4 of the Labour Code No. 311/2001, amended in 2015; §1-4 of Parental Allowance Law No. 571/2009