Mères qui Travaillent - Croatia

Does the Law have provisions on maternity leave? Yes
What is the duration of maternity leave? 14.0 weeks
Who pays for maternity leave? Government
Does the law require that workers be protected from dismissals during the term of pregnancy and maternity leave? Yes
Does the law provide for the right to return to same position after availing maternity leave? Yes
Does the law require that pregnant and nursing workers must not be engaged in harmful work? Yes
Does the law require that pregnant workers be provided free ante and post natal medical care? Yes
Does the law provide for breastfeeding breaks for nursing mothers? Yes
What is the duration of breastfeeding breaks, as provided by the law? More than one hour
Does the law require parental leave for parents? Yes
Does the law provide for paid or unpaid parental leave? Paid
Who pays for parental leave? Government
Does the law require that parents with minor children or workers with other family responsibilities be provided with flexible time or part time work options? Yes

To comply with international standards, maternity leave duration should be at least 14 weeks and during maternity leave workers should be paid at least 67% of their wage.


More about maternity leave:

Maternity leave is provided and regulated under Act on Maternity & Parental Benefits.

Maternity leave is 28 days before the expected date of birth and can be taken until a child reaches the age of six months. The mandatory maternity leave is 98 days (28 days before the expected date of delivery, which is determined by a gynecologist and 70 days after childbirth). In exceptional cases, based on the medical assessment, maternity leave can start 45 days before the expected date of delivery.

In case of poor health or health risks to the mother and child, the pregnant worker is entitled to sick leave before birth for the duration of risk in addition to maternity leave. Maternity leave is extended in the case of premature births. If the parent taking leave dies or is unable to exercise the right for any justified reason, leave can be transferred to the other parent.

After the compulsory maternity leave, the father has the right to use remaining period of maternity leave if the mother so agrees. After the compulsory maternity leave, a parent may use the remaining period of maternity leave on the part time basis. In such case, the duration is doubled. The period of part-time leave taken after a child reaches six months of age cannot exceed the period of part-time leave taken before the child reaches this age. The maximum period of such leave is until a child reaches 09 months of age.

If a woman worker gives birth to a dead baby before she started maternity leave or if the child dies before the expiry of maternity or parental leave, she is entitled to maternity leave or has the right to continue to use the right to maternity or parental leave for three more months following the date of death of the child. 

Sources: §12, 15 & 17 of Act on Maternity & Parental Benefits (last amended by Official Gazette No. 54/13)

Maternity is fully paid leave. Workers are entitled to 100% of their average earnings calculated on the average earnings on which health care contributions were paid during the six months prior to the leave. A parent who does not meet the condition of at least 12 months of continual insurance or 18 months of insurance with interruptions in the last two years (insurance contribution requirement) receives 50% of the budgetary base rate of HRK3326 per month.

sources: §12& 24 of Act on Maternity & Parental Benefits (last amended by Official Gazette No. 54/13); §39(7) & 55 of the Law on Compulsory Health Insurance (Official Gazette No. 137/2013)

More about parental leave:

Parental leave is provided and regulated under the Act on Maternity and Parental Benefits.

Parents are entitled to parental leave once a child reaches the age of six months. Parents can exercise the right to parental leave until a child reaches the age of eight years. Parental leave is an individual entitlement. Its length (for one parent) ranges from four months (first and second born child) to fifteen months (for twins, other multiple births and third and every subsequent period). The family entitlement ranges from eight months to thirty months.

Parental leave can be used in whole or in parts. Parental leave can be taken in the three following ways: fully (in one go); partially (up to two times in a year with each part lasting for at least 30 days); and part-time (duration is doubled and compensation is 50% of the compensation that is paid for full time leave). Although parental leave is a personal right, however one parent can transfer their entitlement to the other parent if both parents agree and give written consent.

Parental leave is funded from general taxation. The parental benefit is 100% of the average earnings for the first six months with a ceiling of 80% of the budgetary base rate or eight months if both parents take parental leave.

The parental benefit is 50% of the budgetary base rate after the first six (or eight) months or if parents do not fulfill the condition of at least 12 months of continual insurance period or 18 months of insurance with interruptions in the last 2 years.

On utilization of parental leave, one of the working parents has the right to work half time until the child reaches the age of 3 years if the child according to the medical assessment requires greater care and attention. In such case, the parental benefit is 50% of the budgetary base rate.

After utilization of maternity and parental leave, one of the parents also has the right not to work until the child reaches the age of 3 years.

A worker who intends to exercise his/her right to suspension of the labour contract up to the third year of the life of his/her child must notify his or her employer of his/her intention as soon as possible, and not later than one month in advance.

Sources:§13-18, 22 & 24 of Act on Maternity & Parental Benefits (last amended by Official Gazette No. 54/13)