Mères qui Travaillent - Cameroon

Does the Law have provisions on maternity leave? Yes
What is the duration of maternity leave? 14.0 weeks
What percentage of the monthly salary does a worker get during maternity leave? 100  %
Who pays for maternity leave? Government
Does the law require that workers be protected from dismissals during the term of pregnancy and maternity leave? Yes
Does the law provide for the right to return to same position after availing maternity leave? Yes
Does the law require that pregnant and nursing workers must not be engaged in harmful work? Yes
Does the law require that pregnant workers be provided free ante and post natal medical care? Yes
Does the law provide for breastfeeding breaks for nursing mothers? Yes
What is the duration of breastfeeding breaks, as provided by the law? One hour
What is the length of breastfeeding breaks? Breastfeeding breaks are provided for the first 15 month(s) of life of the child
Does the law require parental leave for parents? No
Does the law require that parents with minor children or workers with other family responsibilities be provided with flexible time or part time work options? No

To comply with international standards, maternity leave duration should be at least 14 weeks and during maternity leave workers should be paid at least 67% of their wage.

More about maternity leave:

Every pregnant woman is entitled to maternity leave for a period of 14 weeks (4 weeks prenatal and 10 weeks post-natal leave).

The maternity leave can be extended by 6 weeks (to a total of 20 weeks) in case of illness duly attested and resulting either from the birth or the pregnancy.

During the period of maternity leave, the employer cannot terminate the employment contract of the woman. Where the confinement occurs before the due date, the rest period will be extended so that the worker receives the full 14 weeks of leave to which she is entitled. Where the confinement occurs after the due date, leave taken before may be extended to the date of confinement without such extension leading to the reduction of the postnatal leave.

Lastly, maternity leave is granted to all women employees as well as apprentices.

Source: §1 and 84 of the Labour Code 1992; §16 of the Ordinance relating to the Employment of Women, Ordinance No. 16 of 1969, dated 27 May 1969

Every employee covered by the Labour Code can receive family benefits. The Social Security provides various types of cash benefits before and after childbirth (prenatal allowances, maternity allowances and daily allowances for salaried workers when they stop work to give birth).

In order to qualify for prenatal allowance, the woman has to be employed or be a spouse of a male employee. She has to notify her pregnancy to the National Social Insurance Fund and undergo two medical examinations, one within the 3rd and 4th month of pregnancy, which indicates the presumed date of confinement and another examination within the beginning of the 7th and the end of the 8th month of pregnancy. Women receive their allowances in two payments, one after the first medical examination and the other after the second medical examination. If they do not comply with the condition of undergoing medical examinations, the allowance is suspended.

For maternity allowance, in addition to being employed or being the spouse of a male worker, a pregnant worker has to present a medical birth certificate to the National Social Insurance Fund and declare to the civil authorities the birth of the child and present an official birth certificate to the Fund within 12 months of the child birth.

The Prenatal allowances are two payments after each of the medical examinations, while the maternity allowance is 100% of the amount of wages received before maternity leave for the period of maternity leave. Lastly, maternity benefits are paid in one amount after birth or immediately when they are claimed.

As mentioned earlier, the National Social Insurance Fund is responsible for the provision of these benefits.

Source: §1 and 84 of the Labour Code 1992; §13-17 and 25 of the Family Allowance Code, Act No. 67-LF-7, dated 12 June 1967; §8-14 of the Ordinance Fixing the Conditions of Attribution and the Modes of Payment of the Family Allowances, Ordinance No. 007-MTLS-DPS, dated 14 April 1970 established by Act No. 67 -LF-7 dated 12 June 1967 

More about parental leave:

The law does not contain any provisions for parental leave, however a special leave of absence is allowed, details of which are mentioned above under paternity leave.